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Relationship Between Jump Capacity and Performance in BMX Cycling

Pau Robert, Rafel Cirer-Sastre , Isaac López-Laval, Sergi Matas-García, Jesús Álvarez-Herms, Sonia Julià-Sánchez, Francisco Corbi

Robert, P., Cirer-Sastre, R., López-Laval, I., Matas-García, S., Álvarez-Herms, J., Julià-Sánchez, S., & Corbi, F. (2020). Relationship Between Jump Capacity and Performance in BMX Cycling. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 140, 37-43. https://doi.org/10.5672/apunts.2014-0983.es.(2020/2).140.06

Abstract

The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between the results obtained on different vertical jump tests and the top score recorded during a BMX (Bicycle Moto-Cross) test and the rider’s performance. To do so, 10 BMX pilots participated in this study; 5 regarded as the élite group  (EG) (age: 18.8 ± 3.7, weight: 68.4 ± 8.5 kg, height: 174 ± 9 cm and previous BMX experience: 8 ± 3.8 years) and 5 regarded as the recreational group (RG) (age: 19.8 ± 4.8, weight: 69.2 ± 11.7 kg, height: 170 ± 9 cm, previous BMX experience: 4.2 ± 1.3 years). Vertical jump capacity was obtained using the Bosco protocol, i.e. vertical squat jump (SJ), vertical countermovement jump (CMJ), drop jump (DJ) and repetitive jump (RJ), and time in race in a BMX circuit was determined. The results indicate a direct relationship between the time used to complete the circuit and the height of the jump reached in SJ (r: –.801; p: .017), CMJ (r : –.798; p : .018) and DJ (r : –.782; p: .022). This all suggests that assessing jump capacity using the Bosco test may be a useful tool for assessing BMX performance.

Key words

BMX, jump test, performance, cycling, force
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