Traditional Dances and their Characteristic Injury Profiles. Systematic Review
Determination of the injury profiles that characterise the sports and artistic disciplines in which the body is the medium is essential to proper injury prevention. Although many studies have been conducted in classical and contemporary dance in this regard, there is very little research and consensus documents dealing with traditional dances that establish individual and standards characteristics for all of them. For this reason, the objective of this study was to ascertain the injury profiles of dancers of different styles of traditional dancing, establishing differences and similarities between them in terms of frequency, location, type and severity and risk factors. A systematic review was performed in the Sport Discus, Medline, Cinahl, Scopus and Web of Science databases. Seventeen (17) results were obtained, representing Irish dance, flamenco, Belly dance, Indian dance, Turkish dance and Morris dance from Great Britain. The results point to a high injury incidence, albeit with differences between the styles. Injury location was also specific, although the lower extremities were particularly prevalent in all styles, except in the Belly dance, where lower back, sacral and pelvic area injuries predominated.