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Effect of 45-minute CPR Training on Future Physical Education Teachers

Brais Ruibal-Lista, Silvia Aranda-García, Sergio López-García, José Antonio Prieto, María del-Castillo-Obeso, José Palacios-Aguilar

Ruibal-Lista, B., Aranda-García, S., López-García, S., Prieto, J. A., Del-Castillo-Obeso, M., & Palacios-Aguilar, J. (2019). Effect of 45-minute CPR Training on Future Physical Education Teachers. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 138, 62-71. doi:10.5672/apunts.2014-0983.es.(2019/4).138.05

Abstract

Introduction. Teachers are one of the most suitable groups for learning basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation (B-CPR), although the training available to them during their college education is scant. Objective. To analyze the short- and long-term effectiveness of a short CPR training session in future physical education teachers. Material and methods. A quasi-experimental study was conducted without a control group in which college students taking the degree in sport sciences and physical education participated at four different times: 1. Evaluation of B-CPR quality before the training; 2. B-CPR training session; 3. Assessment of B-CPR quality after training; and 4. Evaluation of learning retention after six months of detraining. The training consisted of a 45-minute theoretical and practical session with instructors and training manikins. Results. 24 college students (41.6 % women) participated. After the training session there were significant improvements in: overall compression quality (53.4 vs. 66.9 %, p = .006); average depth reached (43.4 vs. 48.5 mm, p < .001); the percentage of compressions with adequate depth (25.7 vs. 53.3 %, p = .024); compressions with adequate rhythm (34.6 vs. 64.2 %, p = .039) and correct hand position (61.9 vs. 88.9 %, p = .001). After six months, only hand position diminished significantly (88.9 vs. 83.1 %, p = .001). Ventilation quality, which was low throughout the study, did not change (20.0 vs. 28.1 vs. 25.0 %; p = .194). Conclusions. After a short training session, future high school teachers are able to significantly improve their effectiveness in compressions during B-CPR. However, further training is needed to increase ventilation quality, with this improvement constituting an important step in the implementation of this type of training in college education.

Key words

basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation, short training programs, college students, future teachers
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