Library > Issue 138 > Evaluation of Various Factors in the Leisure Time of Schools

Evaluation of Various Factors in the Leisure Time of Schools

Mª Isabel Salas-Sánchez, Josep Vidal-Conti

Salas-Sánchez, M. I., & Vidal-Conti, J. (2019). Evaluation of Various Factors in the Leisure Time of Schools. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 138, 72-81. doi:10.5672/


The aim of this study is to present the validation of a questionnaire to obtain objective data showing which aspects affect and can be improved in relation to the physical and emotional health of students between 6 and 12 years old during recess time in order to design changes in educational aspects. The 29-question survey seeks to reveal, through comprehensibility and internal validation, aspects related to wellbeing, health, relationships and physical activity during leisure time at school. The study was conducted in a school in Majorca using a random cluster sampling technique. In the first and second stages, 26 and 44 students, respectively, were selected from the fifth and sixth years of primary education. The questionnaire was validated through discussion by a panel of experts, an initial test of comprehensibility and the viability of the data collection methodology, and a test/re-test to assess its reliability, consistency and validity. The results in terms of the questionnaire’s comprehensibility are extremely satisfactory, as virtually all the questions were understood by the study sample. Content validity is also very high, with mean concordance values of 92.2% and mean kappa values of 0.64. Therefore, we can say that understanding is extremely satisfactory and reliability is excellent.

Key words

validation, questionnaire, recess, playground, leisure
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