Relationship between Physical Activity in Children and Perceived Support: A Case Studies
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the levels of physical activity, family and peer support for its performance and the relationships between activity and support according to the schoolchildren’s gender and year. A total of 81 boys and 73 girls from 3rd to 6th year of Primary Education aged between 8 and 13 (M = 9.82, SD = 1.35) participated in the study. A behavioural epidemiological case study was designed and the instruments administered were: Parent Support Scale, Peer Support Scale and Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children. Boys performed more physical activity (p < .001) and perceived more support than girls, and levels were also higher among 3rd-year pupils compared to their 6th-year counterparts. There was a correlation between the physical activity of girls and family support (p < .001) and between peer support and physical activity according to all the categories of the independent variables (p < .05). In conclusion, boys and 3rd-year pupils performed more physical activity and perceived more support than girls and 6th-year pupils, respectively, and peer support was more related to physical activity than to family support.